Author Archives: masonlaw

MODX Evo AjaxSearch Vulnerability

Issue: The AjaxSearch component distributed with all versions of MODX Evolution (and 0.9.x) contains a vulnerability that allows remote code execution.

Resolved: Deleted index-ajax.php and removed AjaxSearch plugin and snippets.

OpenSSL Update

Instructions on how to secure your server against the Heartbleed vulnerability:

  1. Edit CentOS-Base.repo (vi /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo)
    • Add the # sign to this URL: mirrorlist=http://... (#mirrorlist=http://...)
    • Delete # sign to this URL: #baseurl=http://... (baseurl=http://...)
  2. yum clean all
  3. yum update openssl
  4. openssl version -a (Confirm the update: exemple: 'built on: Tue Apr 8 02:39:29 UTC 2014')
  5. rpm -q --changelog openssl | head (fix can be confirmed)
  6. Restart Apache
  7. Re-edit CentOS-Base.repo (vi /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo)
    • Delete the # sign to this URL: #mirrorlist=http://... (mirrorlist=http://...)
    • Add # sign to this URL: baseurl=http://... (#baseurl=http://...)

Source: GoDaddy.

Re-Keying an SSL Certificate in GoDaddy.

Turning off SSL engine in Apache for CentOS

  1. vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf (Edit ssl.conf)
  2. SSLEngine off (Find a line SSLEngine and turn it to off)
  3. service httpd restart (Restart the Httpd Services)

Source: Linux Toolkits

Backup and Restore MySQL via MySQLdump

To backup:

# mysqldump -u root -p[password] database_name > database_name_backup.sql

[password] should be placed immediately after -p. For example: -pmypassword. database_name_backup.sql would be created in the root directory.

To restore:

  1. Create an appropriately named database on the target machine
  2. Load the file using the mysql command:
    # mysql -u [uname] -p[pass] [db_to_restore] < [backupfile.sql]

To restore a database that already exists, use mysqlimport command:
mysqlimport -u [uname] -p[pass] [dbname] [backupfile.sql]

Source: How to Back Up and Restore a MySQL Database

Simple RSS Parser With lastRSS

LastRSS makes displaying RSS feed easy. Here’s an example:

<?php
// include lastRSS
include "./lastRSS.php";

// Create lastRSS object
$rss = new lastRSS;

// Set cache dir and cache time limit (1200 seconds)
// (don't forget to chmod cahce dir to 777 to allow writing)
$rss->cache_dir = './temp';
$rss->cache_time = 1200;

// Try to load and parse RSS file
if ($rs = $rss->get('http://www.law.gmu.edu/rss/news_all')) {
// Show website logo (if presented)
if ($rs[image_url] != '') {
echo "<a href=\"$rs[image_link]\"><img src=\"$rs[image_url]\" alt=\"$rs[image_title]\"  /></a>\n";
}
// Show clickable website title
echo "<h1><a href=\"$rs[link]\">$rs[title]</a></h1>\n";
// Show website description
echo "<p>$rs[description]</p>\n";
// Show last published articles (title, link, description)
echo "<ul>\n";
foreach($rs['items'] as $item) {
echo "\t<li><a href=\"$item[link]\">".$item['title']."</a>".$item['description']."</li>\n";
}
echo "</ul>\n";
}
else {
echo "Error: It's not possible to reach RSS file...\n";
}
?>

Simple CAS Authentication

The following script makes a private web site accessible only to authenticated users. For example, if you have a career services web site and you only want students to access the materials using their email (university) credentials, this script would do the trick. You don’t need to create separate accounts  for the site.

1. Download phpCAS and unzip/untar it: https://wiki.jasig.org/display/CASC/phpCAS.

2. Place the entire phpCAS directory on your server.

3. Place the following codes in at the top of any .php file that you want the contents to be private. If you want to make the entire site private, just add the script to an include file in the header. The following script is based on a simple CAS client:

<?php

/**
* Example for a simple cas 2.0 client
*
* PHP Version 5
*
* @file example_simple.php
* @category Authentication
* @package PhpCAS
* @author Joachim Fritschi <jfritschi@freenet.de>
* @author Adam Franco <afranco@middlebury.edu>
* @license http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Apache License 2.0
* @link https://wiki.jasig.org/display/CASC/phpCAS
*/

// Load the settings from the central config file
// require_once 'config.php'; /*commented out by Donny*/
// Load the CAS lib
require_once $phpcas_path . '/CAS.php'; /*This is the path that to the CAS directory on your server, not the URL*/

// Uncomment to enable debugging
phpCAS::setDebug();

// Initialize phpCAS
phpCAS::client(CAS_VERSION_2_0, $cas_host, $cas_port, $cas_context);
//example: phpCAS::client(CAS_VERSION_1_0, 'login.gmu.edu', 443,'');

// For production use set the CA certificate that is the issuer of the cert
// on the CAS server and uncomment the line below
// phpCAS::setCasServerCACert($cas_server_ca_cert_path);

// For quick testing you can disable SSL validation of the CAS server.
// THIS SETTING IS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR PRODUCTION.
// VALIDATING THE CAS SERVER IS CRUCIAL TO THE SECURITY OF THE CAS PROTOCOL!
phpCAS::setNoCasServerValidation();

// force CAS authentication
phpCAS::forceAuthentication();

// at this step, the user has been authenticated by the CAS server
// and the user's login name can be read with phpCAS::getUser().

// logout if desired
if (isset($_REQUEST['logout'])) {
phpCAS::logout();
}

// for this test, simply print that the authentication was successfull
?>

4. Add the following script to your HTML file to indicate if the user is logged in and also to the allow the user to sign off.

<div>Not <strong><?php echo phpCAS::getUser(); ?></strong>? <a href="?logout=">Sign out</a></div>

phpCAS and WordPress

Make sure your account is in the “Administrator” role, as you won’t be able to login as admin after switching to CAS.

1. Download phpCAS and unzip/untar it: https://wiki.jasig.org/display/CASC/phpCAS

2. Download wpcas.zip and unzip it in wp-content/plugins

3. edit wp-content/plugins/wpcas/wpcas.php and remove or comment out line 57:

/* $wpcas_options['server_path'] == '' || */

4. Create wp-content/plugins/wpcas/wpcas-conf.php with the following content (change “/path/to” to the path to CAS.php that you installed in step 1):

<?php

// the configuration array

$wpcas_options = array(

'cas_version' => 'S1',

'include_path' => '/path/to/CAS.php',

'server_hostname' => 'login.gmu.edu',

'server_port' => '443',

'server_path' => ''

);

// this function gets executed

// if the CAS username doesn't match a username in WordPress

function wpcas_nowpuser( $user_name ){

die('you do not have permission here');

}

?>

4. Login with an account that’s in the Administrator role.  In “Plugins”, activate the wpCAS plugin.

5. If possible, test in a separate browser.  When you click “Log in” you should be redirected to https://login.gmu.edu.  Type in your PatriotPass NetID and password.  You should be redirected back to your WordPress site.

Turning Out the LAMP

Notes from Computers in Libraries 2013 Workshop

mod_php is a resource hog. php-fcgi improved on mod_php. php-fpm improved php-fcgi.

Process-driven vs. Event-driven

NGINX: web server uses event-driven process.
Faster than Apache
Scaleability
Low-resource application
Fast

Node.js: Server-side JavaScript
Built on Google’s V* JS engine
self-contained
built-in web server
robust
blazing fast

Node.js will replace Apache
JavaScript will replace PHP

NoSQL (Not Only SQL)
Document database. Enter as it.
Example: mongoDB, CouchDB, redis